Radda in Chianti was settled in ancient times and its Etruscan history was confirmed by recent archeological finds. In the 1300s it was the capital of the League of Chianti and the village was subject to much turmoil over the following 200 years as the wars between Florence and Siena raged. In 1550 Florence released Radda to Siena and the region saw a period of peace and in 1774 Radda gained its status as county. As early as the 1600s the area received acclaim for the wine production and the wine was already being exported to England. Wealthy Florentines began to purchase property and form an organized agricultural production. In 1716 the Consorzio of Chianti Classico was formed, Radda is one of the four counties that is entirely confined within the Chianti Classico growing region.
The strategic position of Capaccia lent itself well as a lookout for approaching enemies. The original tower of the borgo was built in 13th century and served a pivotal role in the war between the Ghibellines of Siena and the Guelphs of Florence. This war raged for centuries and strongholds situated on high overlooks were extremely prestigious. Capaccia underwent numerous takeovers by the rival forces.
In the years following the unrest, more buildings were added on to the original tower structure of Capaccia and in a document dated 1619 all of the current six buildings are present. This illustration can be seen below.
“Carta dei Capitani di parte Guelfa del 1600”
During this time the estate of Capaccia was part of the “mezzadria” culture that dominated the Tuscan area. This form of sharecropping was common in the agricultural areas of Italy and most widely used in Tuscany. The olive orchards, vineyards and chestnut trees were cultivated by families that shared the crop with the landowners.
In the 20th century the “mezzadria” agreements were outlawed and many farms were abandoned. Podere Capaccia was part of the Conti Ginori estate that included Castello d’Albola. In 1974, after decades of neglect, the Conti Ginori decided to sell the estate to the Pacini family. The Pacini family had to fight their way through unpenetrable brush with machetes to arrive at the borgo and once they removed all the berry briars they began their work.
Over the next 30 years, Giampaolo Pacini created exquisite wines and Capaccia became popular destination for tourists and journalists. The wines of Podere Capaccia would find themselves at the top of every prestigious list, receiving accolades from all corners of the world.
The mission of creating world class wine from Capaccia continues with the Herman De Bode. He assembled a team of people who share in his vision and who are dedicated to the long term goals ahead. This majestic estate continues to evolve with the changing times as it has for 800 years.